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2020年全国英语等级考试三级模拟题-公共英语三级阅读D
来源:澳门威尼斯人手机在线 2020/1/14 14:24:00 【字体:放大正常缩小】【打印页面

全国英语等级考试公共英语PETS模拟试题模拟练习题

  公共英语考试-全国英语等级考试由笔试试卷和口试试卷组成。笔试试卷和口试试卷都使用英文指导语。网校为帮助考生顺利通过考试,特别整理了公共英语考试三级模拟试题供考生参考,更多备考资料可关注网校公共英语频道或点击网站右下角在线客服咨询!祝各位考生顺利通过考试!所有备考资料内容均来源于网络,仅供考生参考学习!

  阅读理解:
  This paper mainly introduces the wide application of euphemism in English,and reminds English learners to pay attention to the meaning and usage of euphemism in communication,so as to avoid embarrassing situation.
  text:
  A euphemism is a word or expression that is used when people want to find a polite or less direct way of talking about difficult or embarrassing topics like death or the bodily functions.Most people,for example,would find it very difficult to say in plain language that they have arranged for their sick old dog to be killed.They would soften the pain by saying:We had Ruby put down or We had Ruby put to sleep.Many people prefer to call someone plain than ugly,or cuddly rather than fat.
  Euphemisms are an important part of every language,but it seems that English has an ever­growing number of them.The non­native speaker not only has to make sense of the euphemisms he hears,he also has to learn which euphemisms are appropriate in any particular situation.He might be aware that his American friend needs to use the toilet when she asks where the bathroom(or restroom,or comfort station)is,but he is less likely to guess that his English friend has the same need when he says he has to see a man about a dog.He might have learned,for example,that in the family way is a euphemism for pregnant.If,however,he says to his boss,“Congratulations!I hear your wife is in the family way,”he would be using an expression that is too familiar for the circumstances.
  Schools are full of euphemisms.At Frankfurt International School,for example,the special lessons given to students who are having difficulties in their school subjects are called Study Center(in the middle school)and Academic Workshop(in the high school).Teachers rightly do not want to upset students or parents by being too frank or straightforward,and usually choose a softer word or expression to convey the same message.
  1、According to the passage,people use euphemisms in order to________.
  A.make themselves understood
  B.avoid embarrassment
  C.to sound straightforward
  D.attract attention
  参考答案:B
  参考解析:根据第一段第一句“A euphemism is a word or expression that is used when people want to find a polite or less direct way of talking about difficult or embarrassing topics like death or the bodily functions.”可知,答案B“为了避免尴尬”符合文意。
  2、A person who is described as plain and cuddly is in fact________.
  A.tall and handsome
  B.pretty and slim
  C.ugly but tall
  D.ugly and fat
  参考答案:D
  参考解析:根据第一段最后一句“Many people prefer to call someone plain than ugly,or cuddly rather than fat.”可知,答案D符合文意。
  3、When an English lady says she has to see a man about a dog,she might want to________.
  A.have her old dog killed
  B.see an ugly friend
  C.go to the toilet
  D.see a pregnant woman
  参考答案:C
  参考解析:根据第二段第三句“He might be aware that his American friend n3eds to use the toilet when she asks where the bathroom(or restroom,or comfort station)is,but he is less likely to guess that his English friend has the same need when he says he has to see a man about a dog.”可知,答案C符合文意。
  4、The main purpose of Paragraph 2 is to________.
  A.stress that euphemisms are an important part of every language
  B.inform readers that English has an ever­growing number of euphemisms
  C.suggest non­native speakers use euphemisms as often as possible
  D.warn English learners to be careful about the meaning and use of euphemisms
  参考答案:D
  参考解析:根据第二段第二句“...not only has to make sense of the...also has to learn...in any particular situation.”及对第二段的整体理解可知,列举了英语中应用委婉语的不同情形,从而给英语学习者提醒:要在沟通中注意委婉语的意思和用法,以免出现尴尬状况。
  5、At Frankfurt International School,the students who receive lessons in Study Center________.
  A.have poor grades in the subjects
  B.do well in school
  C.work hard at their lessons
  D.prefer to learn more
  参考答案:A
  参考解析:根据最后一段第二句“At Frankfurt International School,for example,the special lessons given to students who are having difficulties in their school subjects are called Study Center(in the middle school)and Academic Workshop(in the high school).”可知,答案A符合文意。

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